Understanding Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is one of the most common types of sleep apnea and affects almost 2% of women and 4% of men worldwide. However, most people who suffer from obstructive sleep apnea do not get an accurate diagnosis of the disease and may not find the right treatment in the end. Dr. Montz, Dr. Maher, or Dr. Dunwody at Houston Sleep Solutions South will be able to help you determine if sleep apnea treatment is right for you.
Almost 10% of patients with sleep apnea do not receive sleep apnea treatment. Some of the most common symptoms of sleep apnea include snoring, wheezing, and rapid breathing. In the case of obstructive sleep apnea, airway obstruction occurs, and this obstruction may be partial or complete.
When a person with sleep apnea sleeps deeply, the neck muscles relax, allowing the fatty tissues of the throat and tongue to fall into the airways, blocking them.
Airway obstruction ensures that air is prevented from moving outside the blocked area. Thus, the blood flow to the brain is reduced. However, reduced blood flow to the brain causes the brain to partially wake up from sleep so that one can breathe again. During periods of obstructive sleep apnea, one makes gasping noises as one tries to breathe deeply to allow air to pass through the obstacle.
As soon as a person starts breathing again, wakes up, and tries to fall asleep again, the process starts again, and this process can occur either several times a night or a hundred times a night. The recurrence of an episode of obstructive sleep apnea depends on the severity of the individual’s condition.
Following are some categories of the severity of obstructive sleep apnea:
- Mild obstructive sleep apnea:
The person is suffering experiences almost 5-14 events of obstructions in breathing in a single hour of sleep.
- Moderate obstructive sleep apnea:
The person suffering experiences about 15-30 events of obstructions in breathing during an hour.
- Severe obstructive sleep apnea:
The person suffering experiences almost 30 or more than 30 events of obstructions in the breathing during an hour.
Dr. Montz, Dr. Maher, or Dr. Dunwody at Houston Sleep Solutions South will be able to help you determine if sleep apnea treatment is right for you. Contact us now.