June 2019 Newsletter
In June, we focus our attention on cataracts. Everyone should be educated on cataracts because they’re something we all will develop eventually. A cataract is the gradual clouding of the lens of the eye from protein deposits. Since this is a natural process of aging, it most commonly affects those over 50. Cataracts can seriously impact one’s ability to see clearly. In fact, they are the number one cause of blindness worldwide. In their early development, most people don’t exhibit any detectible symptoms associated with cataracts. As they progress, vision starts to become more blurry and colors may appear dull, or less vibrant. One of the most common complaints is that of glare, often noticeable from headlights when driving at night or from the sun. There are a variety of types of cataracts that can develop, as well as a combination of them. Nuclear cataracts occur in one’s central vision, in the nucleus of the lens. Cortical
cataracts develop in the cortex of the lens, starting at the periphery in slices and coming towards the center, similar to spokes on a wheel. Subcapsular cataracts are at the back of the lens; anyone can develop this type of cataract, but diabetics and those taking heavy steroid medications are more prone to them.
Luckily, cataract surgery is one of the safest operations to have done. The cloudy human lens is removed and replaced with an artificial lens. Technology enables the doctor to add power to the implanted lenses, correcting for distance and/or near vision, helping to reduce the need for glasses or contacts. When to have cataract surgery done is really up to the patient. If your vision is impaired to the point that it interferes with your daily life, like preventing you from driving at night, enjoying activities, or functioning overall, then it might be time to consider having it done.
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