Cloth diapers: What parents need to know
According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, diaper choice has been complicated in recent years by the debate of the environmental effects of diapers. While much of the discussion has centered on the effects disposable diapers have on landfill space, a number of scientific studies found that both cloth and disposable diapers have environmental effects. These impacts include raw material and energy usage, air and water pollution, and waste disposal. Disposable diapers add 1-2% to municipal solid waste, while cloth diapers use more energy and water in laundering, and contribute to air and water pollution. In the end, it is up to individuals to make their own decisions about diaper type based on their own concerns and needs.
Why are cloth diapers making a huge comeback?
The desire to go “green,” to stop using plastic, is due to concerns regarding the environmental impact of plastic. With social media, a belief held by a few can rapidly escalate into a community-wide standard.
What are the pros and cons of using cloth diapers?
Some pros of using cloth diapers include environmental considerations (less disposal of plastic) and the potential decreased chance of irritation for baby.
Cons of using cloth diapers include the need to wash the diapers, difficulty when traveling outside the home (carrying dirty diapers with you), concerns about the soap used to wash the diapers, and lack of absorbency (requiring more vigilance in changing a wet/dirty diaper).
Why might some parents not want to use cloth diapers?
While there is no specific contraindications to the use of cloth diapers, considerations around proper fit, appropriate cleaning and hygiene, and vigilance in maintaining dry diapers may help guide one’s decision to use cloth diapers.
The best choice of diapers for use in infants is a controversial issue. Disposable diapers have an absorbent gel core that can absorb up to 80 times its weight in water and were designed specifically to mitigate factors that predispose to irritant diaper dermatitis. However, a systematic review of studies evaluating whether disposable diapers prevent diaper dermatitis in children concluded there was not enough evidence from good-quality randomized controlled trials to support or refute the use and type of disposable diapers to prevent diaper dermatitis in infants.
In the end, it is up to parents to make their own decisions about diaper type based on their own concerns and baby's needs.
By: Stanley W. Spinner, MD