What are migraines?

By: Anchor Wellness Center | Published 08/19/2019

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Migraines are a recurring type of headache. In addition to being recurring, migraine headaches are also characterized by causing moderate to severe pulsing or throbbing pain that is often limited to one side of the head.

There are two main types of migraines—migraines with auras and migraines without auras. Migraine symptoms can vary a bit from person to person but do present as clear patterns when you look at migraine sufferers as a whole. Among the most common migraine symptoms are nausea, vomiting, and dizziness. There aren't definitive answers to the question of what causes migraines; genetics and environmental factors appear to play a role in determining who will be afflicted by the condition.

Possible root causes of migraines include:

- Inflammation of blood vessels in the brain.
- Extreme stress or tension.
- Changes in the brainstem and the way it interacts with the trigeminal nerve, a major pain pathway
- Imbalances in brain chemicals, such as serotonin, which helps regulate pain in the nervous system
- Abnormalities with neurotransmitters

Migraine triggers include:

- Irregular sleep patterns 
- Hormonal imbalances
- Certain foods and drinks
- Skipping meals and fasting 
- Too much stress
- Sensory stimuli
- Extreme physical activity
- Certain medications (Example: Birth Control)
- Changes in weather or barometric pressure

It's really important to get to the root cause of your migraine triggers so more complications don't arise down the road. Contact our office for guidance!

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